Nu 12:1 Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite woman whom he had married, for he had married a Cushite woman;
12:2 and they said, “Has the LORD indeed spoken only through Moses? Has he not spoken through us also?” And the LORD heard it.
12:3 Now the man Moses was very meek, more than all men that were on the face of the earth.
12:4 And suddenly the LORD said to Moses and to Aaron and Miriam, “Come out, you three, to the tent of meeting.” And the three of them came out.
12:5 Then the LORD came down in the column of cloud, and standing at the entrance of the tent, called Aaron and Miriam. When both came forward,
12:6 He said, “Now listen to the words of the LORD: Should there be a prophet among you, in visions will I reveal Myself to him, in dreams will I speak to him;
12:7 Not so with my servant Moses! Throughout My house he bears My trust:
12:8 face to face I speak to him, plainly and not in riddles. The presence of the LORD he beholds. Why, then, did you not fear to speak against My servant Moses?"
For the purpose of this discussion, Moses and the Cushite women will not be discussed in this lesson.
"Should there be a prophet among you, in visions will I reveal Myself to him, in dreams will I speak to him". The Old Testament is series of Books that were written by God's prophets. In the verses above, God says "I speak to my prophets in visions and dreams". This is why many of the stories have a dream quality. Strange details are given that seem hard to believe. The reason why we all dream while we sleep is to be able to relate how dreams make no or little sense when compared to reality. God has made our dreams with no real meaning, but the Old Testament "dreams" hide very important spiritual facts. Where are the people that can interpret the "dreams"? Joseph and Daniel could interpret dreams. But even Daniel did not understand some visions. What is the purpose of visions and dreams? The answer is found in the Book of Job.
Jb 33:14 For God speaks in one way, and in two, though man does not perceive it.
33:15 In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falls upon men, while they slumber on their beds,
33:16 then he opens the ears of men, and terrifies them with warnings,
33:17 that he may turn man aside from his deed, and cut off pride from man;
33:18 he keeps back his soul from the Pit, his life from perishing by the sword.
The purpose of the dreams and visions:
1) "Opens the ears of men". The ear symbolizes our minds. And the mind stores facts. So God is giving us spiritual facts in dreams and visions. But the facts come many times in riddles.
2) "Terrifies them with warnings". God gives men terrifying dreams to turn them away from their sins. Because sin leads to the pit called hell. And the sword is to escape their accusers at their Final Tests.
The list below are the dreams found in the Bible.
1) God came to Abimelech king of Gerar in a dream not to touch the wife of Abraham who was named Sarah. Gn (20:3)
2) Jacob, the son of Isaac, dreamed that there was a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to the heaven; and behold, the Angels of God were ascending and descending on it! Gn (28:12)
3) Jacob had another dream and Angel to him to, "now arise, go forth from this land, and return to the land of your birth". Jacob was to leave his father-in-laws land and go back to the Promised Land. Gn (31:13)
4) God appeared to Laban in a dream not to harm Jacob his son-in-law. "Take heed that you say not a word to Jacob, either good or bad". Gn (31:24)
5) Joseph the son of Jacob had two dreams.
Gn 37:5 Now Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers they only hated him the more.
37:6 He said to them, “Hear this dream which I have dreamed:
37:7 behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and lo, my sheaf arose and stood upright; and behold, your sheaves gathered round it, and bowed down to my sheaf.”
Gn 37:8 His brothers said to him, “Are you indeed to reign over us? Or are you indeed to have dominion over us?” So they hated him yet more for his dreams and for his words.
37:9 Then he dreamed another dream, and told it to his brothers, and said, “Behold, I have dreamed another dream; and behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.”
Gn 37:10 But when he told it to his father and to his brothers, his father rebuked him, and said to him, “What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall I and your mother and your brothers indeed come to bow ourselves to the ground before you?”
37:11 And his brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the saying in mind.
6) A butler and baker in Egypt and their dreams.
Gn 40:8 They said to Joseph, “We have had dreams, and there is no one to interpret them.” And Joseph said to them, “Do not interpretations belong to God? Tell them to me, I pray you.”
40:9 So the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, “In my dream there was a vine before me,
40:10 and on the vine there were three branches; as soon as it budded, its blossoms shot forth, and the clusters ripened into grapes.
40:11 Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand; and I took the grapes and pressed them into Pharaoh’s cup, and placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand.”
40:12 Then Joseph said to him, “This is its interpretation: the three branches are three days;
40:13 within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head and restore you to your office; and you shall place Pharaoh’s cup in his hand as formerly, when you were his butler.
40:14 But remember me, when it is well with you, and do me the kindness, I pray you, to make mention of me to Pharaoh, and so get me out of this house.
40:15 For I was indeed stolen out of the land of the Hebrews; and here also I have done nothing that they should put me into the dungeon.”
40:16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was favorable, he said to Joseph, “I also had a dream: there were three cake baskets on my head,
40:17 and in the uppermost basket there were all sorts of baked food for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating it out of the basket on my head.”
40:18 And Joseph answered, “This is its interpretation: the three baskets are three days;
40:19 within three days Pharaoh will lift up your head—from you! —and hang you on a tree; and the birds will eat the flesh from you.”
40:20 On the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, he made a feast for all his servants, and lifted up the head of the chief butler and the head of the chief baker among his servants.
40:21 He restored the chief butler to his butlership, and he placed the cup in Pharaoh’s hand;
40:22 but he hanged the chief baker, as Joseph had interpreted to them.
40:23 Yet the chief butler did not remember Joseph, but forgot him.
7) Pharaoh had a dream and Joseph was called to interpret the dream.
Gn 41:1 After two whole years, Pharaoh dreamed that he was standing by the Nile,
41:2 and behold, there came up out of the Nile seven cows sleek and fat, and they fed in the reed grass.
41:3 And behold, seven other cows, gaunt and thin, came up out of the Nile after them, and stood by the other cows on the bank of the Nile.
41:4 And the gaunt and thin cows ate up the seven sleek and fat cows. And Pharaoh awoke.
41:5 And he fell asleep and dreamed a second time; and behold, seven ears of grain, plump and good, were growing on one stalk.
41:6 And behold, after them sprouted seven ears, thin and blighted by the east wind.
41:7 And the thin ears swallowed up the seven plump and full ears. And Pharaoh awoke, and behold, it was a dream.
41:8 So in the morning his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt and all its wise men; and Pharaoh told them his dream, but there was none who could interpret it to Pharaoh.
Seven ears of grain on one stalk. However grain does not grow this way.
Seven ears of grain blasted by the east wind and the east wind comes from the desert.
9) In the Book of Daniel, Babylon's king Nebuchadnezzar had a dream.
Dan 2:1 In the second year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuchadnezzar had dreams; and his spirit was troubled, and his sleep left him.
2:2 Then the king commanded that the magicians, the enchanters, the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans be summoned, to tell the king his dreams. So they came in and stood before the king.
3:3 And the king said to them, “I had a dream, and my spirit is troubled to know the dream.”
3:4 Then the Chaldeans said to the king, “O king, live for ever! Tell your servants the dream, and we will show the interpretation.”
3:5 The king answered the Chaldeans, “The word from me is sure: if you do not make known to me the dream and its interpretation, you shall be torn limb from limb, and your houses shall be laid in ruins.
3:6 But if you show the dream and its interpretation, you shall receive from me gifts and rewards and great honor. Therefore show me the dream and its interpretation.”
3:7 They answered a second time, “Let the king tell his servants the dream, and we will show its interpretation.”
3:8 The king answered, “I know with certainty that you are trying to gain time, because you see that the word from me is sure
3:9 that if you do not make the dream known to me, there is but one sentence for you. You have agreed to speak lying and corrupt words before me till the times change. Therefore tell me the dream, and I shall know that you can show me its interpretation.”
3:10 The Chaldeans answered the king, “There is not a man on earth who can meet the king’s demand; for no great and powerful king has asked such a thing of any magician or enchanter or Chaldean.
3:11 The thing that the king asks is difficult, and none can show it to the king except the gods, whose dwelling is not with flesh.”
3:12 Because of this the king was angry and very furious, and commanded that all the wise men of Babylon be destroyed.
3:13 So the decree went forth that the wise men were to be slain, and they sought Daniel and his companions, to slay them.
3:14 Then Daniel replied with prudence and discretion to Ari-och, the captain of the king’s guard, who had gone out to slay the wise men of Babylon;
3:15 he said to Ari-och, the king’s captain, “Why is the decree of the king so severe?” Then Ari-och made the matter known to Daniel.
3:16 And Daniel went in and besought the king to appoint him a time, that he might show to the king the interpretation.
3:17 Then Daniel went to his house and made the matter known to Hananiah, Misha-el, and Azariah, his companions,
3:18 and told them to seek mercy of the God of heaven concerning this mystery, so that Daniel and his companions might not perish with the rest of the wise men of Babylon.
3:19 Then the mystery was revealed to Daniel in a vision of the night. Then Daniel blessed the God of heaven.
3:20 Daniel said: “Blessed be the name of God for ever and ever. To whom belong wisdom and might.
3:21 He changes times and seasons; he removes kings and sets up kings; he gives wisdom to the wise and knowledge to those who have understanding;
3:22 He reveals deep and mysterious things; He knows what is in the darkness, and the light dwells with Him.
3:23 To You, O God of my fathers, I give thanks and praise, for You have given me wisdom and strength, and have now made known to me what we asked of You, for You have made known to us the king’s matter.”
3:24 Therefore Daniel went in to Ari-och, whom the king had appointed to destroy the wise men of Babylon; he went and said thus to him, “Do not destroy the wise men of Babylon; bring me in before the king, and I will show the king the interpretation.”
3:25 Then Ari-och brought in Daniel before the king in haste, and said thus to him: “I have found among the exiles from Judah a man who can make known to the king the interpretation.”
3:26 The king said to Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, “Are you able to make known to me the dream that I have seen and its interpretation?”
3:27 Daniel answered the king, “No wise men, enchanters, magicians, or astrologers can show to the king the mystery which the king has asked,
3:28 but there is a God in heaven who reveals mysteries, and He has made known to King Nebuchadnezzar what will be in the latter days. Your dream and the visions of your head as you lay in bed are these:
3:29 To you, O king, as you lay in bed came thoughts of what would be hereafter, and He who reveals mysteries made known to you what is to be.
3:30 But as for me, not because of any wisdom that I have more than all the living has this mystery been revealed to me, but in order that the interpretation may be made known to the king, and that you may know the thoughts of your mind.
3:31 “You saw, O king, and behold, a great image. This image, mighty and of exceeding brightness, stood before you, and its appearance was frightening.
3:32 The head of this image was of fine gold, its breast and arms of silver, its belly and thighs of bronze,
3:33 its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay.
Breast and arms of silver.
Dn 3:34 As you looked, a stone was cut out by no human hand, and it stroked the image on its feet of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces;
Dn 3:35 then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver, and the gold, all together were broken in pieces, and became like the chaff of the summer threshing floors; and the wind carried them away, so that not a trace of them could be found. But the stone that struck the image became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.
3:36 “This was the dream; now we will tell the king its interpretation.
3:37 You, O king, the king of kings, to whom the God of heaven has given the kingdom, the power, and the might, and the glory,
3:38 and into whose hand God has given, wherever they dwell, the sons of men, the beasts of the field, and the birds of the air, making you rule over them all—you are the head of gold.
3:39 After you shall arise another kingdom inferior to you, and yet a third kingdom of bronze, which shall rule over all the earth.
3:40 And there shall be a fourth kingdom, strong as iron, because iron breaks to pieces and shatters all things; and like iron which crushes, it shall break and crush all these.
3:41 And as you saw the feet and toes partly of potter’s clay and partly of iron, it shall be a divided kingdom; but some of the firmness of iron shall be in it, just as you saw iron mixed with the miry clay.
3:42 And as the toes of the feet were partly iron and partly clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong and partly brittle.
3:43 As you saw the iron mixed with miry clay, so they will mix with one another in marriage, but they will not hold together, just as iron does not mix with clay.
3:44 And in the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed, nor shall its sovereignty be left to another people. It shall break in pieces all these kingdoms and bring them to an end, and it shall stand for ever;
3:45 just as you saw that a stone was cut from a mountain by no human hand, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver, and the gold. A great God has made known to the king what shall be hereafter. The dream is certain, and its interpretation sure.”
Nebuchadnezzar had the dream and Daniel had the vision. But what is needed is pearls of wisdom. It's very important to understand the meaning of "pearls" in order to feel comfortable with the interpretation.
1) Head of gold. This represents Lucifer before he was cast out of heaven. During his short life as an angel, he used the power of his lies, represented as a tail, Is (9:14) to persuade 1/3 of the other angels to rebel.
Rev 12:3 And another sign appeared in heaven; behold, a great red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns, and seven diadems upon his heads.
12:4 His (Refers to Lucifer.) tail swept down a third of the stars of heaven, and cast them to the earth.
2) Breast and arms of silver. Lucifer and his fallen angels were hurled into the earth. God has given Lucifer the power to test and purify men like silver.
Rev 12:9 And the great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the Devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world—he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him.
Rev 12:12 Rejoice then, O heaven and you that dwell therein! But woe to you, O earth and sea, for the devil has come down to you in great wrath, because he knows that his time is short!
Rev 12:17 Then the dragon was angry with the woman (Mother of Jesus.), and went off to make war on the rest of Her offspring, on those who keep the commandments of God and bear testimony to Jesus. And he stood on the sand of the sea.
It should feel like a war everyday. The "war" is described as this, to practice virtue when faced with sin. But only a very few are at war, most are not at "war" but have been captured and are serving Satan.
3) Belly and thighs of bronze. Biblical bronze was made from copper and arsenic. As time past, tin replaced arsenic because it improved the bronze. Bronze was used for weapons of war. (spears and armor) After physical death, Lucifer is given the power to accuse us. This day is called the Final Test. Satan will war against us. Accusations can be likened to spears of war.
Mt 6:11 Give us today our daily bread;
6:12 and forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors;
6:13 and do not subject us to the final test, but deliver us from the evil one. (Translation from New American bible.)
Zec 13:8 In all the land, says the LORD, two thirds of them shall be cut off and perish, and one third shall be left.
13:9 I will bring the one third through fire, and I will refine them as silver is refined, and I will test them as gold is tested. They shall call upon My name, and I will hear them. I will say, “They are my people,” and they shall say, “The LORD is my God."
The Final Test is a very terrible day. All men will be tested in the furnace of accusation. All will have the "bronze" spears of accusation thrown at them. A very hot furnace this will be.
4) Legs of Iron. As prisoners are chained in irons, souls that are protected by God at their Final Tests are lead to purgatory in "chains". It must be understood that rebellion against God and His counsels brings punishment. This alone, the sight of Lucifer and his demons in purgatory is great suffering. God uses satan to inflict punishment on the elect in purgatory. The elect will clearly see how their sins have caused great damage.
5) Feet of iron and clay. This represents Lucifer's final battle. After the elect have all left purgatory and live in heavenly Jerusalem, Lucifer gathers the fallen angels and the human damned for one last battle. Lucifer represents iron and the clay represents human souls that have damned themselves. This battle is called Armageddon. On this day, Jesus will protect Heavenly Jerusalem in the same way that David the youth toke a small smooth stone and killed Goliath. On this day, Lucifer will clearly see he no longer can cause the suicidal depression of a soul. Since it was Lucifer's envy that gave him a reason to live, now knowing he has no power, there will be no fuel for his envy and thus a great terrifying pain shall overcame Lucifer. His kingdom will be shattered and will come to an end with no hope of any future. This is symbolized as David cutting the Goliath's head from its body. As a head that has been cut off can't be reattached, Lucifer's kingdoms have come to an end.
Rev 20:7 And when the thousand years are ended, Satan will be loosed from his prison
20:8 and will come out to deceive the nations (Refers to the human' damned in hell.) which are at the four corners of the earth, that is, Gog and Magog, to gather them for battle; their number is like the sand of the sea.
20:9 And they marched up over the broad earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city; (Refers to heavenly Jerusalem.) but fire came down from heaven and consumed them, (Refers to Jesus as the fire.)
20:10 and the devil who had deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulphur where the beast and the false prophet were, and they will be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
This dream of Nebuchadnezzar, revealed by the prophet Daniel is actually revealing Lucifer's past, present and future. God uses Lucifer to fulfill His plan for the elect and damned. In future chapters, details about each of these time periods or called kingdoms will be discussed.
10-11) King Nebuchadnezzar had two additional dreams, but these dreams will not be discussed here.
12) Joseph, Mary's husband had the following dream.
Mt 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ took place in this way. When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child of the Holy Spirit;
1:19 and her husband Joseph, being a just man and unwilling to put her to shame, resolved to send her away quietly.
1:20 But as he considered this, behold, an Angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not fear to take Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit;
1:21 she will bear a son, and you shall call his name Jesus, for he will save his people from their sins.”
13) The three wise men had a dream not to return to Herod. Mt (2:12)
14) Joseph, the husband of Mary, had another dream and was told to feel to Egypt.
Mt 2:13 Now when they had departed, behold, an Angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there till I tell you; for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him.”
2:14 And he rose and took the child and his mother by night, and departed to Egypt,
2:15 and remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, “Out of Egypt have I called my son.”
15) Pilate's wife had a dream and sent word to him about Jesus. “Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I have suffered much over Him today in a dream.” Mt (27:19)
The number of dreams listed in this lesson is 15. There are many visions as well recorded in the Scriptures. After studying dreams and visions in the Old Testament these stories resemble dream like qualities. What is meant is this. When we dream, we usually dream of people and places that we know. But in our dreams, the people and places are telling stories that have never happened. The people and places exist in real life, but the events never happened. Studying the Old Testament, many of the stories and verses have a dream and vision like quality. For instance, when Moses lead the people out of Egypt, Scripture says there where 600,000 men plus women, children, flocks and herds of animals.
Ex 12:37 And the people of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children.
Is it possible to move so many people and animals through the Red Sea in one night? With the help of a miracle yes, but the Book of Exodus reports the parting of the Red Sea which is a miracle, but says nothing about moving such a large number through by a miracle.
The Egyptians decided to pursue the fleeing Israelites and caught up with them at the Red Sea. The pillar of cloud was sent by God to move between the Egyptians and Israelites as a protection.
Ex 14:19 Then the Angel of God who went before the host (many) of Israel moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud moved from before them and stood behind them,
14:20 coming between the host (many) of Egypt and the host (many) of Israel. And the cloud was dark; and the night passed without one coming near the other all night.
Here again realize that a pillar wouldn't be wide enough. For the Egyptians would have gone around it on either side and then attacked. Again, these stories have a dream like quality. God hides His mysteries in these stories. We were invited by Jesus, in the Gospels to ask, seek and knock. The Scriptures contain 35,528 verses with many mysteries that are defined and revealed by other verses. We are called to seek "pearls" of wisdom and this can be described as a journey.
Mt 7:7 “Ask, and it will be given you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.
7:8 For every one who asks receives, and he who seeks finds, and to him who knocks it will be opened.
In the next lesson named David and Bathsheba an argument can be made that this story is more like a dream or vision rather than a factual history. The purpose of this lesson is to introduce dreams and visions so the other stories in the Old Testament can be analyzed like dreams.
1) Miriam and Aaron spoke against their brother Moses because he did what? Since it sounds strange that Moses did such a thing, it's possible that this can be likened to a _______.
2) God came to the defense of Moses when Miriam and Aaron spoke against their brother. What did God say? Where did God say it?
3) The Book of Job gives two reasons why God speaks in dreams and visions. The first is to open the _____ of men. The second is to terrify men with _______.
4) King Nebuchadnezzar had a dream, but he refused to tell anyone the details of his dream. He demanded that someone tell him the meaning of it, even though he remained silent about the dream itself. Who came to the king and revealed the dream and its meaning?
5) King Nebuchadnezzar had a dream and he saw an image of a man with a head of _____, breast and arms of ________, belly and thighs of ________, legs of _______ and feet of _____ and _______.
6) The image represents ________ past, present and future. God uses ________ to fulfill His plan for the elect and damned. In future chapters, details about each of these time periods or called __________ will be discussed.
7) Lucifer was an angel for a short time. He rebelled against God and 1/3 of the angels followed his rebellion. What is the symbol or descriptive part that represents how Lucifer persuaded the angels to follow him?
8) What part of the image' body represents our lives here upon the earth?
9) Lucifer was changed into a red ________ with _______ heads. He was thrown down to the ________.
10) We should feel like we are war each day. The "war" is described as this, to practice ______ when faced with ______.
11) Bronze was used in biblical times to fashion weapons like spears and armor. What part of the image was made from bronze? Lucifer has the power to accuse us during our ______ _________. Satan will war against us. Accusations can be likened to _____ of war.
12) What type of metal are chains made of to secure prisoners? _________ can be described as a prison where the prisoners are chained with irons.
13) The image' feet are made with iron and clay. Lucifer gathers the fallen angels and the human damned. the iron represents who? The clay represents who? This army will surround heavenly _______ and this battle will be called _________.
14) Lucifer and his kingdoms come to an end and is represented as David doing what?
15) The Old Testament and its stories have a dream like quality. For instance when Moses lead the people out of Egypt, how many men did Moses lead? When Moses parted the Red Sea, it would seem almost impossible for that many people and _______ to cross the sea in so little time.
16) The Scriptures contain how many verses? The stories in the Old Testament and the Book of Revelation must be analyzed like ________ and _________ rather than a factual history.